Profit to prison time

More big-time spammers may find themselves doing longer stretches behind bars — and wouldn’t that be swell — if a federal judge’s first-of-its-kind sentencing decision in a Denver case becomes widely applied.

At issue in this case, which featured testimony from Microsoft antispam experts, was the thorny matter of determining the actual financial harm to ISPs done by a particular spammer over a particular period of time. When Congress enacted the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 it anticipated this difficulty and included language allowing for a spammer’s profits to be considered in sentencing when financial damages caused by his crimes could not reasonably be calculated.

Last month, U.S. District Judge Lewis Babcock accepted a Colorado prosecutor’s contention that this case, the United States vs. Min Kim, represented just such a situation. Microsoft says this is the first time a judge has applied CAN-SPAM sentencing guidelines in this manner.

If not for the use of Kim’s profits — an admitted US$250,000 — as a sentencing determinant, the 24-year-old spammer would have faced a prison stint of 24 to 30 months instead of 30 to 37 months. Citing Kim’s first-time offender status, Babcock sentenced him to the minimum 30 months called for in the more punitive range. While that may appear generous, it likely represented a 20 per cent stiffer penalty over what Kim would have received absent the profit-based calculation; and, it could have opened the door for as much as 13 months additional time had he been a recidivist

IT World Canada blogs

Reformed spammer “Ed” pulled in half a million in his final year of spamming. Read more here.


“We’re excited by the court’s ruling,” says Aaron Kornblum, senior attorney with Microsoft’s Internet Safety Enforcement Team. “In cases where there’s a large amount of profit being realized, there is now the potential for a significant increase in sentences.”

Investigators found 7.5 million e-mail addresses on Kim’s computer, and he acknowledged having bought another 200 million back in 2004. Drawing particular attention from the prosecutor and judge were Kim’s sophisticated measures employed to avoid first-line spam defenses, including proxy servers, falsified subject lines and the use of DarkMailer, all of which increase the level of countermeasures that ISPs must deploy and the expenses they incur.

Kim’s attorney, Virginia Grady, attempted to persuade the judge that his hands were tied by the inability to put an exact figure on the damage caused by her client and the inevitability of ISPs having to spend to fight spam.

“What evidence is there that this spam that was sent by this defendant caused loss?” Grady asked the judge, according to a 28-page transcript of the sentencing hearing. “And to answer that question we have to know whether the money spent for the new servers and the filters, and the like … would have been spent regardless of the spam encountered here. And I think the answer is pretty plainly, yes. Companies that sponsor e-mail will invest in building a better spam trap. And that I think amounts to the cost of doing business in this industry.”

Babcock wasn’t buying the cost-of-doing-business nonsense — and Kim’s own bookkeeping provided the numbers needed to put his sentence in a higher range.

Why you need recipes on your cell phone

Mobio Networks is touting a new service that “provides instant access to hundreds of thousands of recipes anytime, anywhere” on your cell phone or gadget of choice.

Now, regular readers may remember that I’ve poked fun at high-tech recipe-delivery systems in the past, but I’ve given the matter additional thought and come up with five scenarios under which I could see a service of this nature making sense.

  1. You’re on the subway listening to a pair of thugs argue about who makes the best chili. They lob increasingly venomous insults back and forth for three stops, jostling strap-hangers with their arm-waving and chest-thumping. Sensing a teachable moment, you step between the warring parties, present your recipe-enabled cell phone and say, “Gentlemen, allow me to show you why you’re both wrong.”
  2. You’re at your in-laws’ place for Thanksgiving dinner. Dreading the annual assault upon your senses that is this household’s giblet gravy, you flip open your phone, hip-check your wife’s mother away from the stove, dump her vile sludge down the disposal, and commence whipping up something that won’t look like it came from a Jiffy Lube. (File icy stares under small price to pay.)
  3. Your travel department has sentenced you to three days in a Motel 6 on the outskirts of Piscataway where the nearby dining options are open around-the-clock not so much for convenience as to guard against the ever-present threat of a grease fire. There’s a 24-hour 7-Eleven across the street, naturally, so wouldn’t it be great to be able access “101 Sterno-ready Recipes for the Road Warrior” on your cell?
  4. You’re tailgating with the guys; first-time invite, go figure. Steaks, brats, baked beans, spuds the size of footballs, tubs of sour cream and butter to beat the half-time band. You and your phone: “Hey, fellas, did you know that the American Heart Association has all these wonderful low-cholesterol recipes?”
  5. Finally, who doesn’t need another pleasant diversion from the tedium of watching the road while driving?

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Jim Love, Chief Content Officer, IT World Canada

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