DRAM chip prices spiked last week over supply concerns after chip maker Qimonda filed for bankruptcy protection in Germany, and prices will likely continue to climb, Gartner said Monday. Other DRAM makers have sought government bailout as early as December last year.
The price of the most popular 1Gb (gigabit) chip rose as much as 16 percent compared to a week earlier, the market researcher said in its Semiconductor DQ Monday Report. DRAM prices across all capacities increased 8.7 percent on average compared to a week earlier. This was in contrast to the situation early last year when a DRAM glut drove prices down.
Prices will likely move higher this week, warned Gartner analyst Andrew Norwood. “The full effect of [the Qimonda] news will not be felt until the brokers and traders in Asia respond to the news,” he wrote in the report.
The biggest spot market for DRAM is in China, where the bulk of the world’s desktops and laptops are assembled. But last week was a public holiday for China and much of the rest of Asia, where people celebrate the Lunar New Year. When traders in the region return to work on Monday, they may send prices higher.
DRAM chips are produced in such volume that a spot market exists for them, where traders buy and sell them like commodities such as oil and gold. Similar to how a disrupted pipeline or fighting in a sensitive area may cause oil prices to rise, major shocks to the DRAM market, like Qimonda’s bankruptcy filing, can cause DRAM prices to spike. Around three-fourths of all DRAM go into PCs.
Over the longer term, DRAM prices are likely to trend downward again.
The DRAM market continues to face significant oversupply, so much so that even if Qimonda stopped production immediately, which it has not, there is plenty of DRAM available to meet all needs, according to market researcher IDC.
“The market’s situation was created by significant over-investment in capacity during 2007 and early 2008 — periods of demand that often exceeded expectations — that has led to significant oversupply today,” IDC said in a report last week.
Falling demand for computers and other electronic devices amid the global economic downturn has also reduced demand for DRAM.
IDC predicts the global DRAM market will shrink 12.1 percent this year to US$22.84 billion because of oversupply and bloated inventories. Revenue in the market declined 17 percent last year to $25.98 billion.
The DRAM market will not recover until the second half of 2010 when global demand for electronic devices recovers, IDC said.