New Deloder worm targets weak passwords

A new worm on the Internet targets computers running the Microsoft Corp. Windows operating system, using easy-to-guess passwords for the Administrator account, according to alerts posted by a number of antivirus companies.

The new worm, W32/Deloder-A (Deloder), appeared on Sunday and is considered a low risk for infection, according to an alert posted by F-Secure Corp. of Helsinki, Finland.

Deloder is believed to have originated in China, F-Secure said.

The worm attempts to connect to other computers on a network through TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) port 445, randomly generating IP (Internet Protocol) addresses to locate vulnerable machines.

Port 445 is used to access shared files on Windows machines with the SMB (Server Message Block) protocol.

When a vulnerable Windows machine is located, the worm attempts to log on to the machine’s Administrator account by trying 50 likely passwords such as “admin,” “password,” “12345,” and “administrator,” F-Secure said.

If the worm succeeds in breaking the Administrator account password, it places copies of a backdoor, trojan program known as “inst.exe” in several locations on the infected machine.

The worm also modifies the machine’s registry to run another copy of itself, “DVLDR32.EXE,” according to advisories from F-Secure, Sophos PLC and Symantec Corp.

Machines running Windows 95, 98, NT, 2000, ME and XP are vulnerable to attack by Deloder, Symantec said.

No infections from Deloder have been reported and most firewalls block access to port 445. Still, many home computers without firewalls may be vulnerable to the new worm.

As of Monday morning, most antivirus companies posted updated virus definitions to detect the new Deloder worm, as well as utilities to remove the worm from infected machines.

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