Who is John Zachman? (from www.zifa.com)
John A. Zachman is the originator of the “Framework for Enterprise Architecture” which has received broad acceptance around the world as an integrative framework, or “periodic table” of descriptive representations for Enterprises. Mr. Zachman is not only known for this work on Enterprise Architecture, but is also known for his early contributions to IBM's Information Strategy methodology (Business Systems Planning) as well as to their Executive team planning techniques (Intensive Planning).
Also generally known as the “Zachman Framework”, it provides a structure for describing a Business from a high strategic scope view to a detailed implementation view, across 6 perspectives: Data (what), Function (how), Network (where), People (who), Time (when), and Motivation (why).
See http://www.zachman.com/ to see the latest version of the Framework. The structure is the same but he has been updating the language that describes it.
Zachman is clear that he provided a framework, but not the modeling techniques used to populate an architecture. I would like to offer common modeling techniques that can be used to do just that thing; my definition of ‘model’ is very wide, it is anything that is used to represent a thing in the real world; this could be anything from a complex data model to a simple list of things of interest to the business.
So, a first cut at Strategic Scope could be a set of lists:
List of Things of Interest to the Business
List of Processes the Business Performs
List of Locations in Which The Business Operates
List of Organizations of Importance to the Business
List of Events/Cycle of Significance to the Business
List of Business Goals/Strategies
Just defining the items in these lists is a big step in defining the many parts of an organization; after which you can begin to gather information that support the rest of the Zachman views, from Business Model down to Implementation.